To Break the Rules, You Must First Know the Rules

Finding Forrester is one of my favorite films. In the movie, William Forrester, played by Sean Connery, is a reclusive Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist who never gave the world a second novel. Forrester befriends a 16-year-old inner-city basketball player named Jamal. Jamal, an aspiring writer, visits Forrester’s apartment to seek the author’s wisdom. In one scene, Forrester and Jamal have a lively discussion about rules of writing, such as “You shouldn’t start a sentence with ‘and’.” They talk about how breaking the rules can create a wonderful impact. If overdone, however, it also can have a devastating impact.

This is so true in photography. Photographers must study and know the rules of good visual composition like writers study and learn the rules of good writing composition. Once you understand the rules, your ability to break them helps you have better impact with your photos.

Breaking the rules can create visual surprises. Tom Kennedy was the director of photography for National Geographic magazine when I showed him my portfolio many moons ago. While at the time my work was professional and of excellent quality, Kennedy’s comment was that he wanted more surprises.

Kennedy had seen just about everything in his role at National Geographic. When Kennedy said he wanted to see more surprises, he wanted — for example — to see shots that weren’t taken from my normal standing height or sitting height. One of the things his critique had me doing right away was looking for the extreme. I started shooting with my camera on the ground, and finding ways to get up high. I also started to shoot extreme close-ups, another change in what I’d been doing.

There comes a point in your photographic journey where you begin to find your own voice. In the movie, Forrester had Jamal use a typewriter to simply copy Forrester’s work. The author began doing this after he set down a typewriter in front of Jamal, and the pupil just sat there waiting for something to come into his head. When Forrester saw Jamal wasn’t typing, he asked Jamal, “What are you doing?”

“I am thinking,” said Jamal.

“No thinking,” Forrester replied. “That comes later.”

To get the juices flowing, Forrester gave him some of his own work to copy. It was through punching the keys and going through the actions that Jamal loosened up and slowly, after copying the work, started to write his own work.

Photographers do the same thing. We copy other people’s work to learn how they did it, and then add the underlying technique to our long-term memory to use later. Most of the arts require the mastery of certain skills before you can create your own original works. This typically takes about five years. You can see this as musicians learn to play an instrument like a piano.

After copying the concepts of other photographers, you soon learn that your work is no better or worse than many others. This is when you realize that to stand out from others, you must do something unique — your surprise.

Forrester had a great quote that made me think; he asked, “Why is it the words we write for ourselves are always so much better than the words we write for others?” As photographers, we don’t always receive assignments that challenge us; there’s only so much you can do with a check presentation, for example. Most of the great photographers I know have a secret to their work — personal projects that sustain their creative juices.

The key to surprising others is to first surprise yourself — to take risks and look through your camera in a different way, not being afraid to break the rules. Stretch your way of looking and see if there is a better perspective than you normally take when making photos. Who knows what you might discover?

[tags]photography tips, visual composition, Stanley Leary[/tags]

4 Responses to “To Break the Rules, You Must First Know the Rules”

  1. rules schmules
    whose rules?

    there are NO rules
    rules help schmucks become average

    rules pull great photographers down to average trite and cliched
    who wants to only be average???
    or trite ... or cliched ?????
    rules?!--we dont need no steenkn rules
    i cant define art
    but i know it when i see it

  2. Beautiful essay. I love the idea of knowing something before you alter it. I am a guitarist so I understand the importance of rules and equally, the importance of questioning those rules. Rules form the basis of music theory and music theory is science first and art later. If you want to be great at something, then first understand it's structural framework. Study it. Understand it. Question it. Know it and then challenge it. And that is where beauty is found.

    Enjoyed the essay. Thank you.

  3. Absolutely yes..!

  4. This is a great point, every rule is meant to be bent or broken thus to create new and exciting things. I'm studying to become a screen writer and film producer and find that through out or past we have constantly changed what we deemed except-able as far as creation of the arts, in all categories. To press forward with the same belief that we must progress adapt and change, is essential to creating new works of art. It's what keeps one interested and coming back for more, if we all followed the rules then there would be no art in it, it's the creativity and risk we take to break the rules that makes new adaptations so beautiful.

    Strong believer in man's ability to break the rules without the harm of society. Thank you for the article

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