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How to Create Depth in Landscape Photography

Posted By Jeff Wignall On July 14, 2008 @ 9:19 am In Art of Photography | 2 Comments

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One of the toughest visual concepts to communicate in a landscape photograph is depth: the sensation that you’re looking at distance when, in fact, all you’re really looking at is a flat sheet of paper.

The Importance of Depth Cues

Photographs, of course, have only height and width; they have no real depth — so you have to make an extra effort to create that feeling of space and distance. Photographers (and painters) use a series of “depth cues” or optical tricks to create the illusion of depth on a flat sheet of paper.

Perhaps the simplest depth-illusion cue to exploit is linear perspective — or using lines to lead the eye to a distant spot to enhance the feeling of space. There are lots of readily available linear cues in outdoor scenes, including roads, railroad tracks, tree lines, fences, etc. and often you can use them in combination to strengthen the illusion.

In this shot, for example, I’ve used the road as the primary depth cue, but I’ve used the rolling lines of fence on the left and the telephone poles on the right as secondary cues. The longer you stare into this image, the more you can feel the spaciousness of this rural Iowa scene (shot near Prairie City, Iowa).

More on Depth Cues

For more on depth cues, I encourage you to read the depth cues tutorial on my Web site [2]. Remember, the more “real” you can make your landscapes, the more impact they’ll have and the more emotional connection your viewers will have to your work.

[tags]photography tips [/tags]

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2 Comments (Open | Close)

2 Comments To "How to Create Depth in Landscape Photography"

#1 Comment By Bertram Shido On May 12, 2010 @ 2:57 am

Thanks for that publish you've inspired me to give photography another go!

#2 Pingback By Vancouver Harbour and bridge On July 27, 2010 @ 6:07 pm

[...] almost no lines which can add depth, apart from the bridge itself. You can read about this here: How to Create Depth in Landscape Photography | Black Star Rising I recommend you to read the short tutorial I already mentioned above: 11 Surefire Landscape [...]


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[2] depth cues tutorial on my Web site: http://www.jeffwignall.com/tutorials/thedepthillusion.html

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